What is female genital mutilation FGM? How many women and girls are affected? How does FGM affect the health of women and girls? What are the consequences for childbirth? What are the psychological effects of FGM?
Female genital mutilation or cutting | sportivnye-tovary.ru
Female genital cutting or circumcision FGC involves the cutting or altering of the external female genital organs. FGC is a traditional cultural practice rather than a religious practice, and its origins are unknown. The practice can be found in communities and certain ethnic groups in Africa, the Middle East, Asia and South America. According to the World Health Organization, around million women across the globe are affected, with around three million girls undergoing the procedure every year. Estimates suggest that there are around , migrant women in Australia who experienced FGC in their country of birth.
Female genital cutting refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of female genitalia or other injury to female genital organs for any cultural, religious or otherwise nontherapeutic reasons. This practice is common in many refugee populations, particularly those from East Africa i. Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan , although the practice is pervasive throughout the world. This controversial practice is considered a human rights violation by many, and it is illegal in the United States in people under 18 years of age. The practice poses adverse medical consequences, including direct complications from the procedure anesthesia or sedation complications, bleeding, acute infection , increased risk of death for both mother and infant in subsequent pregnancies, post-traumatic stress disorder, and urinary tract infections, among others.